BASIC 4X4 DRIVING COURSE

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Overview 

We believe in getting to grips with hands on driving, so most of the time is spent on practical 80% and backed with theory 20%.

We cover terrains traversed from gravel roads to sand, mud, rocks and water crossings. Tyre pressures for the different terrains and for the different types of tyres (one rule does not fit all) Driving techniques and gearing for all terrains and ascents descents etc. when to use differential locks and how traction control works all done in theory and practically ie get to know your 4×4 and use it safely.

Target Group Intended for

  • All Light Vehicle Operators

Course Outcomes

The delegate will be able to:

  • Do appropriate tyre pressures for specific terrains
  • Know correct gearing and momentum
  • Which line to take through obstacles
  • Apply Eco-friendly practices
  • Fuel-saving techniques
  • Understand vehicle dynamics
  • Vehicle & driver risk assessments

Course Objectives

The training is for learners seeking to apply the basic concepts of 4WD. The training will enable the learner to practically demonstrate the basic knowledge and skills required to handle a 4WD, on-road and off-road, perform vehicle preparation, understand preventative maintenance, in an environmentally considerate manner.

 

Course Content:

  • The criteria applied when selecting a vehicle for a specific application are explained with examples.
  • Vehicle criteria include but are not limited to range of vehicles, seating capacity, load capacity and distribution and economy.
  • A range of vehicles, options and capabilities are identified with examples.
  • Vehicle options and capabilities include but are not limited to configurations for 4WD vehicles, options including Light Commercial Vehicle (LCV), Sport Utility Vehicle (SUV) and capabilities including permanent 4WD, part-time 4WD, low range, axle differential locks, free-wheeling hubs.
  • The limitations of 4WD vehicles and the definition of limiting angles and dimensions are explained with examples.
  • Limitations include but are not limited to center of gravity, overall dimensions, height, ground clearance, approach angle, departure angle, break-over or ramp angle.
  • An understanding of the braking system is explained with examples.
  • Braking systems may include but are not limited to foot brakes, handbrake, assisted brake system (ABS) (on-road and off-road), Electronic Brake-force Distribution (EBD), traction control systems including differential locks.
  • The location and operation of all controls on vehicle explained in relation to the operator handbook (owner’s manual).
  • Aspects of the operator handbook to be explained include but are not limited to adjustment of controls (seat, mirrors, headrest, and seat belts), maintenance items and warning lights.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the preparation of a vehicle for off-road conditions.
  • Fuel, oil and water levels are determined for off-road requirements.
  • The use of lights when operating a vehicle off-road is demonstrated in various contexts.
  • Required tyre pressure and ways to maintain tyre pressure are explained with examples.
  • The tools required to fix and maintain vehicle for off-road conditions are explained in relation to the purpose of each.
  • The vehicle safety features are explained in relation to various operating conditions.
  • Demonstrate a basic understanding of a vehicle’s drive train.
  • The use of the clutch for various conditions are explained in the context of on-road and off-road conditions.
  • The functions of manual and automatic gearboxes are explained in relation to various operating conditions.
  • Operate a 4WD vehicle in off-road conditions.
  • Off-road obstacles and off-road route selection is explained with references to the regulatory framework.
  • Permanent and part-time 4WD are engaged in various operating conditions.
  • High and low range drives are engaged in various operating conditions.
  • Axle differential locks are engaged in various operating conditions.
  • A route through evaluated obstacles is determined in accordance with best practices.
  • Obstacles may include but are not limited to ascents, descents, rocks and rough terrain, water and mud, river crossings, sand driving, ditches and dongas, veld conditions, grass and cambers.
  • Stall starts are applied in relation to various obstacles and off-road terrain in accordance with best practices.
  • Obstacles may include but are not limited to ascents, descents.
  • A 4WD vehicle is operated over various obstacles and off-road terrain in accordance with best practices.

Pre Requisite:

Drivers Licence Code 8 or Higher

Certification:

A Certificate of competency will be issued upon practical assessment and moderation.

Course Duration:   1 Day

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